Higher Education System in Turkey
The higher education system in Turkey is supervised by the Council of Higher Education (CoHE). The CoHE is an autonomous institution which is responsible for the planning, coordination and governance of higher education system in Turkey in accordance with the Turkish Constitution and the Higher Education Laws. Universities decide upon their own academic calendars; however, academic year generally starts in September and ends in June. There are winter and summer breaks. Summer school is also available at some universities.
Turkish & North Cyprus universities offer:
* Associate’s degree programs
* Bachelor’s degree programs
* Graduate programs
* Post-graduate programs.
Associate’s Degree Programs: Associate’s degree programs take 2 years. Vocational high school graduates can qualify for associate’s degree programs without taking any centralized exams.
Bachelor’s Degree Programs: Bachelor’s degree programs generally take 4 years. Specialized bachelor’s degree programs, such as medicine (6 years), may be longer.
Graduate Programs: Universities in Turkey offer a wide range of graduate programs. While master’s programs take about 2 years (non-thesis master’s programs generally take 1½ years), doctoral programs take about 4 years.
Post-graduate Programs: Post-graduate opportunities are also available in universities in Turkey. Duration depends on the program and university.
The Turkish National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education (TYYÇ):
The National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education in Turkey (TYYÇ) developed with reference to the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area and the European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning was adopted by the CoHE in 2010.
Education in North Cyprus
The educational system in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus aims to develop fully abilities of all individuals, and can be broadly defined in three parts:
Pre-School Education: Pre-School Education in North Cyprus is provided by kindergartens for children between the ages of 5 and 6.
Primary Education: Primary school education in Northern Cyprus is provided at as elementary school and designed for the 7-11 age-group; it lasts for 5 years and is free and compulsory.
Secondary Education: Secondary Education in North Cyprus is provided at two stages. First Stage (Secondary-Junior) is for children in the 12-14 age-group. It is free and compulsory. Second stage is designed for the 15-17 years old. It is provided by high schools in North Cyprus known as Lycee`s and vocational schools.
Higher Education: The TRNC University education is provided by the Teachers Training College, The Eastern Mediterranean University, Anadolu University, Open Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Girne American University, Near East University, European University of Lefke and International American University